Sustainable livelihood contributions of livestock to the tribal communities of jharkhand, india

Author: 
Mukesh Kumar, Jancy Gupta and Meena H.R

The research was carried out in Jharkhand to document livelihood contributions of livestock to the tribal communities through personal interviews of the selected households by random sampling technique; personal observations and participatory rural appraisal techniques such as transect walk, social mapping, key informants interview, focus group discussion in the sample villages were used to gather data. Sustainable Livelihood Framework (SLF) was followed for the selection of factors and indicators as it provides excellent scope to capture the multidimensional impact of Livestock Production Systems (LPS) on the respondent’s livelihoods and weightage of these indicators were assigned by using Principal Component Analysis (PCA). The core outcome of the research was that Cattle+Goat+Pig (C+G+P) was the LPS that contribute primarily towards the sustainable livelihood of the respondents (sustainable livelihood index value- 28.02), closely followed by Cattle+Buffalo+Goat (25.53) and Cattle+Goat (24.61). Overall, it was concluded that compared to other sustainable livelihood components, human capital had least sustainable livelihood index value in all production systems. Thus, the livelihood promotion among ethnic people needs a paradigm shift focusing on sustainable LPS to keep pace with ever increasing food requirement and future challenges in area.

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